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Design a Base Pay Structure

Integrate your internal job worth hierarchy with the market to build a base pay structure that is defensible, competitive, flexible, and practical.

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  • Bessie Mok, Manager, Compensation and Benefits, The Corporation of the City of Markham
  • Cal Barber, Independent Compensation Consultant; Professor, Seneca College of Applied Arts and Technology
  • Chuck Csizmar, Principal, CMC Compensation Group
  • Dr. Howard Risher, Private Consultant
  • Jackson Tian, Senior Analyst, Compensation Advisory, OMERS
  • Karen Nordby-Wadel, Compensation Consultant
  • Kate Beckett, CCP, Senior Director of Total Rewards and HR Technology, Indigo
  • Paul Wong, HR Consultant, Consulting Firm
  • Rachel Wong, CCP, GRP, CHRL, Senior Manager of Global Compensation, Kinross Gold Corporation
  • Steven Osiel, Vice President of Compensation & Incentives, Accompass; Lecturer at the University of Toronto
  • Syma Khan, CCP, CHRL, CSA, Senior Compensation Manager, Loblaw Companies Limited
  • Terra Aartsen, CCP, GRP, Practice Lead - Learning & Development Solutions, Info-Tech Research Group
  • Tia Wang, HR Consultant, Consulting Firm

Your Challenge

  • Traditional base pay structures are seen as bureaucratic red tape that hinders a manager’s hiring ability.
  • Designing base pay structures can be complex, requiring accurate data collection and a significant time investment from HR and managers.
  • Pay transparency is difficult given the sensitive and highly confidential nature of pay information.

Our Advice

Critical Insight

  • A flexible, data-driven base pay structure that provides HR with the foundation needed to obtain buy-in from stakeholders.
  • A shift to shared ownership of the organization’s base pay structure.
  • An assessment of current and desired states of pay transparency and a strategy to achieve the desired state.

Impact and Result

  • Design a base pay structure that is internally and externally equitable by balancing the internal job worth hierarchy with external market competitiveness.
  • Leverage McLean & Company’s hybrid structure that benefits from the advantages of the traditional and broadband approaches.
  • Empower managers by involving them in matching benchmarked jobs with market data and educating them on salary administration guidelines.
  • Aim to move toward greater pay transparency – at the very least, employees should be aware of the number of pay bands within the organization, and the minimum and maximum pay ranges for each pay band.

Research & Tools

1. Collect and analyze market data

Collect, analyze, and examine market data using the organization’s compensation philosophy as a filter.

2. Create base pay structure

Create and finalize base pay structure.

3. Determine salary administration guidelines

Identify and develop salary administration guidelines tailored to the organization.

4. Prepare to roll out the transparency strategy

Develop a pay transparency strategy suited to the organization and draft a communication plan.

Guided Implementations

This guided implementation is an eight call advisory process.

Guided Implementation #1 - Collect and analyze data

Call #1 - Determine the market comparator criteria that are relevant for your organization.
Call #2 - Review benchmark jobs and their market data.

Guided Implementation #2 - Create base pay structure

Call #1 - Identify the number of base pay structures that your organization needs and understand the main components of a hybrid base pay structure.
Call #2 - Walk through determining appropriate job grades and pay bands for a sample data set.

Guided Implementation #3 - Determine salary administration guidelines

Call #1 - Establish guidelines for moving between pay bands and between pay structures.
Call #2 - Determine criteria for hot skills and set parameters for hot skills premiums.

Guided Implementation #4 - Prepare to roll out the transparency strategy

Call #1 - Define desired and current states of pay transparency and develop a strategy to close the gap.
Call #2 - Create a communications plan for the first year of the pay transparency strategy.

Compensation Essentials

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Course Information

  • Title: Compensation Essentials
  • Number of Course Modules: 5
  • Estimated Completion Time: 2 hours

Learning Outcome

Explain the rationale for developing foundational compensation programs (compensation philosophy, job evaluation, and base pay structure) and how they guide compensation decisions in alignment with organizational strategy.

Learning Objectives

By the end of this course, learners will be able to:

  • Explain how a compensation philosophy guides the creation of other compensation programs.
  • Articulate how an objective job worth hierarchy promotes internal equity and the value that brings to the organization.
  • Describe the basic steps of creating a base pay structure while balancing internal equity (i.e. job worth hierarchy) with external equity (i.e. market data).
HRPA Certification Pre-Approved Logo

1 CPD hour per course.

SHRM Certification Logo

Each course is valid for 1 PDC for the SHRM-CP℠ or SHRM-SCP℠.

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The use of this seal confirms that this activity has met HR Certification Institute’s® (HRCI®) criteria for recertification credit pre-approval.

Course Modules

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Module 1

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Module 2

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Module 3

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Module 4

Onsite Workshop

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Onsite workshops offer an easy way to accelerate your project. If you are unable to do the project yourself, and a Guided Implementation isn't enough, we offer low-cost onsite delivery of our project workshops. We take you through every phase of your project and ensure that you have a roadmap in place to complete your project successfully.

Module 1: Analyze Market Data

The Purpose

  • Identify metrics that will be used to determine project success.
  • Match benchmark jobs to market data and create preliminary pay bands.
  • Determine how many base pay structures the organization needs.

Key Benefits Achieved

  • Benchmark job descriptions matched to market data capsules.
  • Preliminary pay bands created and number of pay structures determined.




Set project metrics and take baseline measurements.

  • Project metrics and baseline measurements

Review benchmark jobs and determine market matches.

  • Benchmark jobs matched to appropriate market data

Weight and input market data.

  • Market data weighed based on market comparator criteria and inputted based on target market positioning.

Group jobs into grades and develop preliminary pay bands.

  • Preliminary pay bands developed.

Determine the number of base pay structures.

  • Number of base pay structures determined.

Module 2: Create Base Pay Structure

The Purpose

  • Overlay organizational base pay data for both benchmark and non-benchmark roles.
  • Model alternative base pay structure options and select the best-fit option.

Key Benefits Achieved

  • Finalized pay band structure determined.




Review and adjust the range spread, range overlap, and midpoints of preliminary pay bands.

  • Preliminary pay bands reviewed.

Compare against organizational data and adjust preliminary pay bands.

  • Preliminary pay bands compared against organizational data and adjusted as appropriate.

Model base pay structure alternatives.

  • Alternative base pay structures modeled.

Select the best-fit base pay structure.

  • Best-fit base pay structure selected.

Module 3: Set Salary Administration Guidelines and Transparency Strategy

The Purpose

  • Review existing salary administration guidelines and update accordingly to better suit new base pay structure(s).
  • Create a pay transparency plan.
  • Draft a communication plan that is well aligned with goals from the transparency strategy.

Key Benefits Achieved

  • Salary administration guidelines updated according to new base pay structure(s).
  • Pay transparency plan created.
  • Communications plan aligned to the transparency strategy drafted.




Develop salary administration guidelines.

  • Salary Administration Guidelines

Evaluate current state of pay transparency.

  • State of pay transparency assessed.

Determine desired future state of pay transparency.

  • Future state of pay transparency outlined.

Develop a pay transparency strategy.

  • Pay transparency strategy developed.

Craft a communications plan.

  • Communications plan created.